Haiku Glossary

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Ageku, the final verse of a chain seal. On the one hand, this last stanza describes the end of the sequence, on the other hand, a future event is anticipated (eg a reunion). In the classic Renga / Renku seal (e.g. Kasen) that is ageku located in the same season as in the previous spring (blossom) verse - i.e. in spring. 'Spring' can be used to address spring in general, the middle of spring or the spring exit. However, other seasons are also described in more modern or contemporary Renga / Renku seals (e.g. Shisan). Even ageku Without a season (various) are not uncommon. Whatever is chosen, that ageku should have a mirror function for hokku offer in the form of a summary, greeting or an optimistic outlook. To meet all of these requirements ageku To be able to fulfill, the author is largely of the strict rules of connection, jump and diversity that apply to all other stanzas (the hokku except), exempt. The composition of the ageku is therefore like the hokku, a special honor. The poet who hokku, the input verse, shouldn't have written that too ageku, the final verse, write. Haijin, honorable term for a perfect haiku poet in Japan. In German-speaking countries however, Haiku poet or Haiku poet is the correct name for Haiku writing poets. Hankasen or "semi-cheese", form of Renga / Renku seal with 18 stanzas. hokku, Start verse of the Renga / Renku seal. The Japanese haiku developed from the Tanka seal (tanka means short poem or song with grace). When you started to write the Tanka by two authors, you called it tan renga, which means something like short chain poem. The tan renga was written further over time: the same or more authors attached stanza to stanza and that renga, the chain poem, was born. The guest of honor, usually a Renga master moving through the country, had the honor of the start verse, the hokku, to write the common chain. In contrast to all other verses that follow, this verse could be written without having to refer to a previous stanza and established itself as an independent form of verse - later it developed into haiku. Hyakuin, Form of Renga / Renku seal with 100 stanzas. Jûnicho, Form of Renga / Renku seal with 12 stanzas. Jûsanbutsu, Form of Renga / Renku seal with 13 stanzas. Kasen, the most popular form of Renga / Renku seal with 36 stanzas. The overall structure of a Kasen consists of three parts: the introduction, the prologue or the overture (6 stanzas) - (jo) the main clause, the development or extension (24 stanzas) - (ha) and the conclusion, the conclusion or the epilogue (6 stanzas) - (kyû). Certain verses have special names or are reserved for specific topics. For example, there are three verse positions within the case that are dedicated to the moon and two that are dedicated to the flowers - traditionally the cherry blossoms. Other stanzas describe the run through the seasons, tell of love or relate to free topics. The Renga / Renku is governed by "Connection and change of location or scene" ("link and shift"). kigo (Japanese 季 語, German Season word), special words or phrases that are generally associated with a specific season in Japan or in the respective country. This allows an economy of expression, particularly valuable in the very short forms of Japanese poetry, to mark the season in which the poem or verse is located. Kukai, a haiku meeting interested Haijin, on which the participants of the round in the first step write Haiku ia on a given topic. In the second step, the haiku are collected and listed anonymously. In part three, each participant (according to a given system) awards points for the texts (except for his own). In the last step, the points for each haiku are counted, the haiku discussed and the authors named. In the meantime, the name Kukai has also become common for virtual haiku meetings on the Internet, which follow the same principle. There is either an overall theme for the haiku to be sent in or a kigothat is said to be contained in the haiku. Matsuku, Sub verse one Tanka with 7-7 moors. More or blackberry (Lat. blackberry, Period), Japanese sound unit, plural: Moren. The moors are all the same length and carry less information than syllables in European languages. Japanese poetry is not syllable-counting, but quantizing. For example, the vowel a can make up two moles or n represent a more. Each mora is represented in Kana (= Japanese characters) by one character and is considered a rhythmic unit in poetry. The pioneers of German-speaking Haiku and Tanka mistakenly transferred the Japanese structure of the Moren to our syllable structure. Nijûin, Form of Renku seal with 20 stanzas. Renga(Japanese 連 歌), is a traditional Japanese chain poem. It has emerged from the tanka and then from the tan renga developed. Today it is also known as contemporary renku known. Certain verses have special names or are reserved for specific topics. For example, there are verse positions within the chain seal dedicated to the moon and two dedicated to the flowers - traditionally the cherry blossoms. Other stanzas describe the run through the seasons, tell of love or relate to free topics. The Renga / Renku is governed by "Connection and change of location or scene" ("link and shift"). The different types of linking and the principles of stanza connections on the one hand and principles of progression (moving forward) and the principle of diversity (changing topics and properties) are observed. saijiki, a collection or a directory of seasonal words (kigo)that are used in a traditional haiku. senryu (Japanese 川 柳), one of the Haiku very similar Japanese poem form. While the traditional Japanese haiku is more focused on nature, the Japanese Senryū deals with the emotional experience, with the personal, the emotional. shisan, Form of Renga / Renku seal with 12 stanzas. Shishi, Form of Renga / Renku seal with 16 stanzas.
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